SCREENING AND DIAGNOSIS OF SLEEP APNEA



Home Sleep Testing / Source: American Academy of Sleep Medicine




 
Identifying some of the signs and symptoms of sleep apnea is typically the first step toward diagnosis.

            In adults, these may include:  

·         Excessive daytime sleepiness

·         Snoring

·         Choking or gasping during sleep, waking         up with a sensation of being unable to             breathe

·         Apneic episodes

·         Nocturia: waking up with the urge to                 urinate, often two or more times per night

·         Persistent fatigue

            ·         Morning headaches

            ·         Bruxism (tooth grinding)

            ·         GERD (gastroesophageal reflux)

            ·         Sexual dysfunction

            ·         Memory and concentration difficulties

            ·         Impaired work performance

            ·         Mood disorders, irritability, depression


           In children, the spectrum of presentations                      includes:

            ·         noisy, irregular breathing or snoring during                       sleep

            ·         irregular and frequent body position changes

            ·         rib cage retraction and rib flaring as a result                      of the respiratory effort

            ·          irritability, hyperactivity, behavioral, social or                   academic problems

            ·          excessive daytime sleepiness (less                              common, often with severe OSA)

           ·            bedwetting